The most "common" type of electrician, these electricians are responsible for installing and maintaining anything from lights to the complete wiring system of our homes. Depending on experience, a residential electrician can direct a group of workers and plan and draw electrical projects.
Commercial installation electricians work on projects that are larger than our homes, such as offices and shopping malls. The electrical systems in these locations require a lot of power compared to residential homes. To work in a commercial environment, electricians need to complete a certain amount of apprenticeship training
Maintenance electricians ensure that large and critical electrical systems in factories and plants work safely and efficiently. This may involve maintaining complete utility electronics and electrical grids in complexes, or repairing heavy machinery in factories. They also perform routine inspections of equipment to check its operating condition and initiate replacements and repairs. In accordance with local and national regulations, maintenance electricians also repair programmable logic functions.
As the name implies, electrician panel manufacturers are responsible for building and managing electronic panels, such as those found in HVAC systems. These electricians use information technology and programmable logic controls to wire and assemble large electrical control boxes for industrial machinery. They are also able to read electrical schematics and panel layout blueprints.
These professional electricians are required to maintain and repair machines such as fans, pumps, compressors, and transformers. They also disassemble and reassemble electronic components, wind and connect coils, and rewind single-phase and three-phase induction motors for low power.
Highway System Electricians are specially trained in the installation and maintenance of highway system electronics to ensure a safe and sustainable transportation system. The Highway System Electrician installs, repairs, modifies and maintains traffic lights, roadway lighting and ITS systems while ensuring they meet government standards.
These electricians are often exposed to the natural environment and may have to work at heights of up to 70 feet. They are also trained to operate heavy equipment and motorized vehicles, such as aerial trucks, trenching equipment and chain saws, both on and off the road.
Electrical Instrumentation Technicians commission, test, diagnose and repair building control systems such as refrigeration, heating and air conditioning. They also perform the installation and calibration of measuring instruments, transmission and control equipment, and sensors. The measurement of these devices enables products to be manufactured to accurate specifications, taking into account the safety of personnel and the environment.
An industrial electrician works in large power plants, chemical plants, manufacturing facilities and other types of large buildings. These facilities require a lot of heavy machinery and equipment as well as more electrical work and power than residential or general commercial buildings. Industrial electricians are often required to move from job site to job site and are required to be certified as an experienced industrial electrician during their apprenticeship or journeyman.
Although the tasks of these electricians are roughly the same as those of residential and commercial electricians, they work on low-voltage (usually no more than 49 volts) systems. This includes installing, diagnosing problems, repairing and maintaining Internet systems, landline telephone systems, closed-circuit television systems, home entertainment systems, fiber optic networks, LAN and WAN networks, cable television, and fire and security alarms. Some electricians also specialize in electronics for ships, planes, trucks and trains.
As the name implies, automotive electricians gain specialization to work on the electrical systems of cars, buses, trucks and other transportation vehicles. These electricians can work on the lighting, ignition systems, air conditioning and heating systems, anti-lock braking systems, anti-theft systems, fuel injection systems, transmissions, and more in automobiles.
The role of an aviation electrician is critical to the safe operation of an aircraft. Aviation electricians work on aircraft, not on buildings. They install, inspect, test, repair and maintain aircraft electronic systems and wiring, as well as electronic and electrical components, including aviation communications equipment, navigation systems, radar equipment and other instruments on the aircraft. Because the job is so specialized and requires great responsibility, they also earn a lot of money.
Marine electricians do the same job as other electricians; however, they differ in that they work on watercraft systems, such as yachts, tankers, cruise ships and boats. These electricians can handle emergency repairs on docked vessels or vessels in port or out at sea.
Outside of linemen, line repairers or line installers are electricians who work on the power lines that run between residential and commercial buildings and power plants. Linemen check these power lines to make sure they are in proper working condition. If the lines fail, they are responsible for replacing them and putting up new lines between poles and large towers.
These professional electricians ensure the safe and efficient transmission of electric current from power stations and substations. These electricians may work in three different areas.
This is the main source of generating high-voltage alternating current and transmitting it to substations.
Technicians working in substations must reduce the high voltage electricity from power plants to low voltage in order to transmit it safely to homes and offices.
Relays are complex electrical devices that require careful operation and maintenance. They are used to raise and lower the voltage between the receiving power plant, substation and building
Power plant and substation technicians also identify problems and solve outage-related issues.
These electricians specialize in the installation and repair of fire, smoke and security alarms in residential, commercial and industrial environments. These electricians work with low-voltage systems only. Their job duties include upgrading security systems, maintaining CCTV systems, installing security CCTV cameras, inspecting security systems and educating customers on how to use the systems.
Solar technicians are in high demand in the future. These technicians install, maintain and repair solar energy systems that are alternative sources of electricity for homes and commercial buildings. These electricians work on passive systems, such as using heat from windows or active systems, such as solar panels that collect solar energy, convert it to electricity and store it in batteries. They ensure that your solar panels are working at maximum capacity and are properly maintained, such as replacing fans or pumps or exploring efficient designs.
Wind turbine electricians, also known as "wind technicians," are responsible for assembling, maintaining and wiring the towers and turbines that generate clean electricity by harnessing the wind. Their work often takes them to remote areas and requires them to work in tight and very high areas. At times, they must climb up to 200 feet above the ground. Their job duties include making turbine blades smoothly paddle or turning them into air currents so they operate at maximum efficiency.
These electricians are tasked with installing, repairing and servicing telephone, Internet and cable lines between poles, towers and buildings. Their specific duties include replacing old, broken lines with new ones, laying overhead and underground lines and cables, diagnosing line problems and using equipment to work on the lines.
Electrical inspectors check electrical components and systems. They work in the construction industry to ensure that new buildings are properly wired according to codes and safety guidelines. They also inspect electrical systems when people make renovations or buy new homes.
Electrical contractors are small business owners who own a group of electricians and can work in residential, commercial and industrial settings. States regulate the licensing of contractors and usually require them to be the primary electrician or hire an electrician to supervise them.
To become an apprentice, an electrician must obtain an apprentice license. In most states, you only need to graduate from high school to apply for an apprenticeship license. It does not require any formal education, and once obtained, an electrician is eligible to be supervised by a journeyman or junior electrician.
The next level of experience is journeyman. Journeymen have more experience and are therefore qualified to work on larger, more complex projects without any supervision. To become a journeyman, electricians need to be apprentices for at least two years and complete the required coursework. They can then take the journeyman certification exam, after which they will receive their license.
This is the highest qualification for electricians. They not only work in commercial and industrial jobs; they can also manage a team of journeymen and apprentices. They also plan projects and assign tasks to other workers.
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