Breaker Control loop With Light Monitoring|Electromagnetic Operating M - knoweasy

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Breaker Control loop With Light Monitoring|Electromagnetic Operating Mechanism

July 23, 2021

In Fig. 4: + WC, -WC is control bus; FU1, FU2 is fuse, type R1-10/6,250V;SA is control switch, LW2-1a.4.6a. Type-40.20.20/F8; The HG is green signal lamp, Type XD2, Attached to the 2,500 Ω resistance; HR is red signal lamp, Type XD2, Attached to the 2,500 Ω resistance; The KL is an intermediate relay, Type-DZB-115/220V; KMC is a contactor; KOM is a protection outlet relay; The QF is the circuit breaker auxiliary switch; WCL is a closing bus; WSA is accident trip bus; WS is signal bus; The YT is the circuit breaker trip coil; The YC is the circuit breaker closing coil; The FU1, FU2 is a fuse, RM10-60/25 250V; The R1 is an additional resistance, Type ZG11-25, 1Ω; The R2 is an additional resistance, Type ZG11-25, 1000 Ω; (+) WTW is a flash bus.

 FIG. 4 has a circuit breaker control loop diagram for light monitoring

(1) "After tripping" position

When the handle of the SA is in the "after trip" position and the circuit breaker is in the trip position, the normally closed contact closes the,+WC via FU1 → SA11-10 → HG and the additional resistance → QF(normally closes the)→KM coil → FU2 → -WC. At this time, the green signal light circuit is on, the green light is on, which indicates that the circuit breaker is in the tripping position, and that the power supply, fuse, auxiliary contact and closing circuit are in condition, and can be closed. However, KMC does not act because the voltage mainly falls on HG and additional resistance.

(2) "Ready for closing" position

When the handle of the SA rotates 90 º clockwise to the "preparatory close" position, the SA9-10 is on, the green HG loop by (+) WTW → SA9-10 → HG → QF(often closes the)→ KMC → FU2 → -WC on, the green light flashes, but the KMC will not start, because the string has HG and R. in the loop.

(3)Switch on position

When the handle of the SA is again clockwise rotated 45 º to the "close" position, the SA5-8 contact is on, the contactor KMC circuit is normally closed by + WC → SA5-8 → KL2() → QF(normally closed) The → KMC coil → -WC turns on and closes its contacts in the closing coil loop to make the circuit breaker closed. After the circuit breaker is closed, the QF contacts are opened and the QF contacts are closed.

(4) "After closing" position

After loosening, the handle of SA automatically counterclockwise 45 º, to the vertical (i. e. "after closing") position and the SA16-13 contact is on. At this time, the red light HR circuit by FU1 → SA16-13 → HR → KL coil → QF(normally open) → YT coil → FU2 → -WC goes on, the red light is on, indicating that the circuit breaker is in the closed position, while indicating that the trip circuit is intact and can be tripped.

(5) "Prep trip" position

When the SA handle is in the "preparatory trip" position, the SA13-14 is on, opening the contact → YT → -WC loop, flashing red light, and sending the preparatory closing signal.

(6) The "Trip" position

Turn the SA handle counterclockwise 45 º to the "trip" position, SA6-7 on, HR and R are short, excite YT through the +WC → SA6-7 KL → QF normally open contact → -WC, and the circuit breaker trip. After the circuit breaker is tripped, the normally open contact is disconnected, the normally closed contact is closed and the green light indicates that the circuit breaker has been tripped. After releasing the handle, the SA is reset to the "after tripping" position.

When the circuit breaker manually or automatically overlaps on the fault line, the protection device will trip the action, and if the operator still puts the control switch in the "close" position (SA5-8 contact on), or the automatic device contact KM1 is not reset, the circuit breaker SA5-8 will close again. Because of the line fault, protection and action trip, resulting in many "jump-close" phenomenon.

This phenomenon is called a "jump". If the circuit breaker jumps will not only cause the destruction of the circuit breaker, but also expand the accident, the so-called "anti-hop" measure, is to use the mechanical "anti-jump" locking device or the electrical "anti-jump" wiring in the control circuit, to prevent the "anti-jump" measure of the circuit breaker.

The control circuit shown in Figure 4 adopts the electrical "jump-proof" wiring. Its KL is a jump locking relay with two coils, one current starting coil attached in the trip circuit and another voltage protection coil connected in parallel with the closing contact coil through its own normally open contact KL1. The operating principle of the normally closed contact KL2, in the closing loop is as follows:

When closed with a control switch (SA) or automatic device (KM1), if closed on the fault line, the protection will act and the KOM contacts close to trip the circuit breaker. When the tripping circuit is connected, the KL current coil is charged and KL operates. The closed contact KL2 turns off the closing circuit and the voltage of contact KL1 turns KL self-retaining coil.

At this time, if the closing pulse is not lifted (e. g. SA is not returned or KM1 is stuck), the KL voltage self-holding coil is self-maintained through the contact of contact SA5-8 or KM1, opening the KL2 for a long time and reliably breaking the closing circuit so that the circuit breaker cannot be closed again. Only the circuit can return to normal state when the closing pulse is off (i. e. KM1 off or SA5-8 off) and the KL voltage since the holding coil is powered off.

The function of KL3 in FIG. 4 is used to protect the outlet relay contact KOM and prevent KOM from being burned before QF. The resistance R1 is to ensure that the signal relay can operate reliably when there is a serial signal relay in the outlet circuit.

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